Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy
The Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA) is a university-based millimeter array consisting of six 10.4-meter, nine 6.1-meter, and eight 3.5-meter antennas that are used in combination to image astronomical Universe at millimeter wavelengths. Located on a new high-altitude site in eastern California, CARMA provides unparalleled sensitivity, broad frequency coverage, sub-arcsecond resolution and wide-field heterogeneous imaging capabilities, along with innovative technologies and educational opportunities. CARMA conducts cutting edge scientific research and provides unique learning opportunities for the next generation of instrumentalists and astronomers. CARMA is operated by the California Institution of Technology, University of California Berkeley, University of Chicago, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and University of Maryland, with funding from the National Science Foundation and the member institutions.
Science with CARMA centers around the study of the cold universe through imaging of radio emission from molecules, dust, and relic emission from the very early Universe. Primary science areas include: the formation, evolution, and dynamics of galaxies, the formation of stars and planetary systems around other stars, the composition of planetary atmospheres, comets and other small bodies in our Solar System, and the evolution of galaxy clusters and the Universe.
The CARMA institutions, through their involvement in CARMA, support active research groups encompassing professors, research scientists, graduate students, and undergraduate students. Personnel are involved in a variety of activities ranging from science research to instrument and software development.