Faculty Research Seminars
Faculty Research Seminars - This talk series is aimed at first-year students. These talks are designed to give an overview of research in the department.
Mondays, at 12 PM, in ERC 583. Bring your lunch!

Current & Future Faculty Research Seminars

Past Faculty Research Seminars
DateTalk TitleSpeaker
January 8, 2018Quantum Space and TimeCraig J. Hogan

Quantum Space and Time
January 8, 2018 | ERC 545 | 12:00 PM
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Craig J. Hogan

"Spooky" quantum correlations across large distances have been studied in states of light and matter. The talk will summarize the state of our experiment to study similar macroscopic quantum correlations in states of space and time, originating from new physics at the Planck scale.

January 29, 2018 | ERC 545 | 12:00 PM

Augmented Tensor Virial Equations, Mergers of Galaxies, and the Fate of the Local Group
February 12, 2018 | ERC 545 | 12:00 PM
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Peter O. Vandervoort

The virial equations and the virial theorem are well known tools of inquiry in dynamical astronomy. However, astronomers seldom appreciate the full power of the tensor virial equations in theoretical investigations of the dynamics of stars and stellar systems. After a brief review of the history of the virial equations and of conventional astronomical applications, we devote most of the seminar to an investigation of the dynamical behavior of a low-dimensional model of a merger of two galaxies. The governing equations of the model are the complete sets of moment equations of the first and second orders derived from the collisionless Boltzmann equations of the galaxies. The moment equations of the first order reduce to an equation governing the relative motion of the galaxies. The moment equations of the second order separate into the tensor virial equations of the galaxies and sets of equations governing the evolution of the kinetic energy tensors of the galaxies. In order to close the systems of moment equations, we represent the galaxies as heterogeneous spheroids with arbitrary stratifications of their density distributions, and we represent the mean motions of the stars in terms of velocity fields that sustain the adopted density distributions consistently with the equation of continuity. We reduce and approximate the governing equations in the case of a head-on encounter of a dwarf galaxy with a giant galaxy. That reduction includes the effect of dynamical friction on the relative motion of the galaxies as in earlier investigations by Tremaine and others. In a survey of mergers involving dwarf galaxies of different masses and sizes, relative to the giant, an encounter either disrupts the dwarf, excites chaotic oscillations in the dwarf, or excites regular oscillations. Dynamical friction can drive a merger to completion within a Hubble time only if the dwarf is sufficiently massive. The survey of mergers provides a basis for an investigation of the evolution and fate of the Local Group.